Basic Biomechanics of Running and Walking Gait - Balanced Movement Studio

Basic Biomechanics of Running and Walking Gait

Brian Beatty, PT, CFP

3 Dimensions = 3 Planes of Motion


Everything Starts from the Center


Cue ball, Pool ball  – forces act about an object as if directed through the center, find your center – the pelvis, find your hips, use hips to push center, have them find glutes


“If you want to run, you have to be able to do it on one”


Hip abduction is the key, running is about single leg stance stability.  Gluteus medium and minimus are the most important Core Muscles for running.  They are responsible for holding you up on one leg.


Gryoscopes – it is all about rotation.   2 opposing gyroscopes of LE/pelvs and UE chest/ribs create a long stable rotational axis of the spine.


Stability and Rigidity are different things – read the dictionary definitions of each.  Too often exercise, particularly how people approach core exercise teaches rigidity not stability.  Everything must flow and move smoothly.


Key Concepts to Build Into Your Smooth Running Form

  • “Move The Center of Mass Forward”
  • “Do It On One”
  • “Gyroscopes”
  • “Do It On One with Rotation”
  • ‘The Running Core: Uniting All of the Body” – Holding You on One Leg; Connecting Pelvis to Torso over a Central Spinal Axis; Controlling the Rotations of the Gyroscopes
  • “Landing Softly and Lightly” – The Magic of the Empty Step; Finding Where to Land your Foot Under You
  • “Role and Roll of the Foot” – The Foot and Ankle Form a Stable Base; The Hip Directs the Weight Over the Foot.

We have a lot more information, explorations and exercises to help anyone build these concepts into a smooth efficient running form. If you would like to know more, just contact us.


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Balanced Movement Studio

5 out of 5 stars

Jordan Stafford
Jordan Stafford

5 out of 5 stars

posted 11 months ago

Fantastic place to go for rehab and prevention of injuries. I run a lot and I go to Balance Movement anytime I have a ache or pain. Balance Movement will give you the exercises and the knowledge to help stop you from getting hurt again.